All praises and thanks be to Allah, Who (Alone) created the heavens and the earth, and originated the darkness and the light, yet those who disbelieve hold others as equal with their Lord.
He it is Who has created you from clay, and then has decreed a stated term (for you to die). And there is with Him another determined term (for you to be resurrected), yet you doubt (in the Resurrection).
And He is Allah (to be worshipped Alone) in the heavens and on the earth, He knows what you conceal and what you reveal, and He knows what you earn (good or bad).
And never an Ayah (sign) comes to them from the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord, but that they have been turning away from it.
Indeed, they rejected the truth (the Quran and Muhammad SAW) when it came to them, but there will come to them the news of that (the torment) which they used to mock at.
Have they not seen how many a generation before them We have destroyed whom We had established on the earth such as We have not established you? And We poured out on them rain from the sky in abundance, and made the rivers flow under them. Yet We destroyed them for their sins, and created after them other generations.
And even if We had sent down unto you (O Muhammad SAW) a Message written on paper so that they could touch it with their hands, the disbelievers would have said:"This is nothing but obvious magic!"
And they say:"Why has not an angel been sent down to him?" Had We sent down an angel, the matter would have been judged at once, and no respite would be granted to them.
And had We appointed him an angel, We indeed would have made him a man, and We would have certainly caused them confusion in a matter which they have already covered with confusion (i.e. the Message of Prophet Muhammad SAW).
And indeed (many) Messengers were mocked before you, but their scoffers were surrounded by the very thing that they used to mock at.
Say (O Muhammad SAW):"Travel in the land and see what was the end of those who rejected truth."
Say (O Muhammad SAW):"To whom belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth?" Say:"To Allah. He has prescribed Mercy for Himself. Indeed He will gather you together on the Day of Resurrection, about which there is no doubt. Those who destroy themselves will not believe [in Allah as being the only Ilah (God), and Muhammad SAW as being one of His Messengers, and in Resurrection, etc.].
And to Him belongs whatsoever exists in the night and the day, and He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing."
Say (O Muhammad SAW):"Shall I take as a Wali (helper, protector, etc.) any other than Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth? And it is He Who feeds but is not fed." Say:"Verily, I am commanded to be the first of those who submit themselves to Allah (as Muslims)." And be not you (O Muhammad SAW) of the Mushrikun [polytheists, pagans, idolaters and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah].
Say:"I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the torment of a Mighty Day."
Who is averted from (such a torment) on that Day, (Allah) has surely been Merciful to him. And that would be the obvious success.
And if Allah touches you with harm, none can remove it but He, and if He touches you with good, then He is Able to do all things.
And He is the Irresistible, above His slaves, and He is the All-Wise, Well-Acquainted with all things.
Say (O Muhammad SAW):"What thing is the most great in witness?" Say:"Allah (the Most Great!) is Witness between me and you; this Quran has been revealed to me that I may therewith warn you and whomsoever it may reach. Can you verily bear witness that besides Allah there are other aliha (gods)?" Say"I bear no (such) witness!" Say:"But in truth He (Allah) is the only one Ilah (God). And truly I am innocent of what you join in worship with Him."
Those to whom We have given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) recognize him (i.e. Muhammad SAW as a Messenger of Allah, and they also know that there is no Ilah (God) but Allah and Islam is Allah"s Religion), as they recognize their own sons. Those who destroy themselves will not believe. (Tafsir At-Tabari)